It is very important to adapt and slightly modify the resume document specific to the advertised position, and not send the exact same document to different positions
In resume writing there are a number of general principles that are always true and valid for all parts of the document. It is important to get to know them before you approach the craft of writing.
A resume is a kind of self-marketing document that reviews and tests all the relevant skills, experience and knowledge that a candidate has to offer. This is almost always the first front door to any position and part of the initial impression that allows recruiters to assess the suitability of a candidate for employment in a specific position.
Recruiters devote a few seconds to each resume document, so it's important to know how to stand out and get the recruiter to focus on your resume. The most basic rule that is always true is Tailor your resume to the job you are looking for and your experience.
Parts and their order
There is no one right way to write and edit a resume. In recent years, examples have emerged that outline the best format for a document in order to be effective. Most resumes include the following chapter headings:
- Personal details of the candidate
- Resume summary
- Work Experience
- Education and studies
- Military service (used mainly in Israel)
- Language proficiency
- Computer applications (when relevant to the job)
- Publications - If they are relevant to the job. Accepted mainly in academia.
- Awards, recognition and excellence
- Recommenders (usually an option to receive recommendations)
It is important to emphasize right now that there is no "one right template" and case by case, but it is always worthwhile to place the chapter that promotes you the most at the top of the document, and keep the one that is less relevant to the job at the bottom of the page.
For example: If the job requires language proficiency and you speak the desired language - "Jump" the "Language proficiency" chapter to the top of the page. If your military service is very relevant to the job, skip it to the top of the resume.
Name of the game - Relevance
Although there are quite clear rules for writing a certificate, this does not mean that it is a completely standard document, but a document that must be adapted as much as possible to the ability, experience and skills. It is very important to adapt and change the document specifically for the famous job, and not to send the exact same document to different jobs certainly not to different positions.
Enter in the resume and specify mainly relevant information that shows the recruiter that you meet as many of the job requirements as possible.
Irrelevant information may divert the recruiter's focus from the important details of the resume and thus sabotage the chances of getting a summons for the long-awaited interview.
Furthermore, it is also advisable to incorporate in the resume keywords or phrases from the content world of the job. The words can usually be found in the job description, on the website of the recruiting company or from the description of similar jobs in different companies. At the same time, it is better not to overdo the use of these keywords and to remain loyal to reality.
Please note, the resume should include seniority skills that match the requirements for the position. For example, if there is a requirement for knowledge in Excel, state this in the resume and save the recruiter from making assumptions.
It is important to note past roles, that the character and skills required to fill them are relevant to the role. Of course, there is a preference for experience in the professional field of the job, but in cases where you do not have such experience, it is worth listing positions that included aspects relevant to the job requirements.
For example, if you are competing for a venture management position, any managerial position you have held in the past, even if it is not exactly in the same area of practice (for example, sales unit management, SHIL call center management, military command, etc.) may be relevant. In presenting the role, it is advisable to emphasize the managerial aspect, and also to indicate the issues that were in your management and the skills required of you.
The language of the resume
For some of the jobs it is worth sending a resume in English. How will you know whether to send a resume in English or Hebrew?
There is a rule that says that if the job is written in English, then the resume will be sent to the recruiter in English as well. In addition, for jobs in high-tech / software companies that work abroad, it is customary to send a resume in English. It is worth noting, if stated in the job description that a resume should be submitted in English. Must be sent of course as requested from the scripture.
- A job advertisement was published in Hebrew = a report in Hebrew.
- A job advertisement was published in English = a certificate in English.
- It has not yet been decided that in high-tech and international companies it is customary to send a resume in English.
- There is another option to attach two certificate files in Hebrew and English.
Even people with excellent English, may have difficulty when it comes to writing a professional resume in English, or translating their existing resume from Hebrew. This is because it is not enough to translate the words freely, but it should be noted that the main message also passes in the English language and check that apart from syntactic errors, there are also no words translated in the wrong context in the document. It is always recommended that the native English speaker go over the resume and correct the necessary correction.
For an interesting study on the preferences of Israeli recruiters for the language of resumes click here.
Writing in action names
Since this is an official document that speaks professional language, a resume with action names should be written. For example: "Preparation of quotations", "Staff management", "Creating collaborations".
Writing in the first person ("I made presentations", "I ran a service center" gives the file the impression of a story from a personal point of view. Since this is an official document in professional language, it is advisable to write a resume with action names. For example: "Preparation of quotations", "Staff management", "Creating collaborations". The exception is the therapeutic field where it is certainly possible to write even in a single first person.
Exaggeration and lies
You should not exaggerate or lie about your work experience or education. It is important to stand behind the things written in the resume document, otherwise you will be perceived as unreliable and then it will be difficult to correct the initial impression. Remember, first impression, no second!
Surveys and samples that are published from time to time, raise findings and hypotheses regarding the issue of accuracy in providing details in a certificate for employment. The findings show that there is a widespread phenomenon of "repairing" a certificate, whether it is in an excessive way in writing, hiding details or specifying details that are not true at all. The sections in which there is a tendency not to write the whole truth are: age, education and employment background. In some cases it turned out that academics refrained from writing down all their education and skills for fear of being considered too talented for the intended job (Over Qualified).
Writing lies in a resume can even go as far as a criminal offense, there have been cases where lawsuits have been filed against people who forged details in their certificate document. Employment experts have noted in the past that something that is not true is almost always revealed in the end, and can result in the dismissal of the employee hired based on a misrepresentation.
Be sure to formulate fluently and avoid spelling mistakes. It is also important to avoid slang, street language and short words in writing. This is important because you have to fully understand the so-called word. Once you have finished writing your resume let someone you know check for spelling mistakes and proofread.
Design and editing
Nowadays recruiters do not really linger on every word and phrase, but rather scan the text.
The style and appearance of a resume document has a big impact on your ability to convey a focused message in the short term.
Unordered resumes make it very difficult for the recruiter to check the suitability for the job. A recruiter who sees dozens of resumes a day can simply skip you and move on to the next candidate.
Font, space, colors and reliefs
font: It is important to maintain a uniform, simple and legible font. It is recommended to use Arial font size 10-12.
Colors: One color is enough (black). Except for creative jobs or jobs related to positions that you know in advance that there is indeed a demand for a more stylish resume. A designer can definitely style his resume a bit in order to leave a positive impression. In general, it is enough to use black.
Spacing: While writing, note that the space between the lines ranges from 1.35 to 1.5.
You should use reliefs where possible - Proper use of bullets will create a clearer and more readable structure for the resume, so the recruiter will be able to scan the document easily and quickly.
Emphasizing the important details in the body of the text. Bold text will capture the recruiter's attention even as he flips through many resumes, so it is advisable to highlight the most relevant details for the job.
Ensuring a consistent and uniform appearance throughout the resume - If you have chosen a certain space, be sure to use it throughout your resume. If you used reliefs, do not replace them with the different parts.
No photos or illustrations needed - This is an official document, and such use may be interpreted by the reader as somewhat childish.
It is recommended to save the document as both Word and PDF It is customary to send the recruiter the resume in a PDF file so that it will look exactly as planned (regardless of the version of Word in which it was prepared. At the same time, automated tools that scan resumes manage to "read" better resumes written in Word.
Also, in the name of saving the file it is advisable to include your full name and the place to which you are sending the resume. For example: Avi-cohen-Cellcom.pdf.
Proofreading must be done in all parts of the document. There should be no spelling errors: even a single error can spoil the first impression. If you are unsure about the correct spelling of a particular word check on Google how it is recommended to spell that word.
It is not recommended to include a photo in the resume
This is the first part which appears at the top of the document and includes ways to contact the candidate - Email address, residential address and mobile number. If you have Official and professional LinkedIn profile, It is recommended to add it.
Please note, the email address should be a formal and proper address, and does not consist of silly / trivial words (for example, it is not advisable to use a firstname.lastname@example.org style address).
The personal details should be written in a length of up to 3 lines, so that they take up as little space as possible in the document.
What is required to register?
- First name + last name
- Residence - If you live in a village / council that is not really known or significantly far from the workplace - write the address accurately with the name of the nearest central city or indicate the proximity to it, for example: Bekaat Gan (near Kfar Saba).
- Phones and email are available and accessible.
Recruiters prefer to see all the personal details as they are sometimes part of the recruitment profile. What additional details are acceptable to add, but not required?
- Year of birth - First, it is worth noting that the law prohibits discrimination against candidates due to their age. However, the person who recruits in most cases receives a clear age requirement and when the age is not found in the resume. It can be concluded that the candidate is older. There are two ways to indicate age in a coefficient:
- Adding a title at the end of the resume document that will read "personal details" and indicating the year of birth - so you can believe and hope that they will first read about the work experience and only then read the age.
- You can use the "age anchor" anchor - do not specify a date / year of birth, but the recruit can understand the age with the help of years of military service, or alternatively, another detail that can attest to it - if the year of birth is important to the recruit / interviewer, he can understand it.
- Marital status - not required to indicate but recommended to appear. At the same time if there is a concern that it may constitute a type of barrier it can be avoided to mention it.
- ID Number - If you are willing to reveal your ID number, this will help placement companies save your resume file. In general quite unnecessary.
- If the job has special technical requirements such as a driver's license or a car - this is the place to mention it.
- LinkedIn profile - if there is, if not and you are applying for a high-tech job, it is recommended to open one. It is imperative to make sure that the personal details are up to date and correct, and those that allow the recruiter to contact you easily to coordinate a job interview. The uniformity between the resume and the LinkedIn profile must be ensured.
There is no need. It is not advisable to include a resume image, although there are countless resume formats (especially in English) that include an image across the web. Think for a moment from the recruiter's eyes, what image might help him?
The only case that can be different in this case is jobs that require you to submit a photo, such as modeling agencies.
The summary should be concise and relevant and its purpose is to tell the recruiter who you are and what your advantage is in relation to the job.
The summary should be concise and relevant and its purpose is to tell the recruiter who you are and what Your advantage In relation to the position. The abstract as it is called is the introduction to your resume and therefore should be placed at the top of the document.
The length of the abstract should range from 3-4 lines and its role is to summarize your experience in relation to the requirements specified in the position.
Like the other parts of the resume, it is also recommended to write the summary in separate lines that begin with reliefs.
How can privacy / confidentiality be maintained in a certificate file?
- Write at the beginning of the document "Please maintain discretion" in a bold font in size 10.
- It is better not to mention the name of the current company in which you work, but only a description of it (for example, instead of "Maccabi" we will mention "a company in the field of health services").
- In the cover letter, write down your employment status. For example: “I decided to apply for this position, because I always wanted to join a large company in the food industry. I currently work for a small company in the field, so I would appreciate it if you would maintain discretion in the recruitment process. ”
You do not have to list all the jobs you have dealt with in your life, but only the jobs related to the proposed job.
Please note, it is not necessary to list all the jobs you have dealt with in your life, but only the jobs related to the job offered. The relevant positions will be similar / contributing to the requested position, as well as those that required similar skills. In addition, avoid "black holes" in the resume, and make sure there are no years about which there is no information. If you had special achievements at work (for example - a commendation, promotion and more), write it down. This is not the place to be modest.
How to expand on employment experience?
- Sequence of works: It is recommended to write in reverse chronological form: from the current / last position and backwards.
- Headings: Job name and company name (underlined).
- Years: Deadlines in a certificate document are usually written in years only. You can also add months.
- Brands: If you were employed by a well-known company - state this. If the company does not sell - write in two words what it does.
- Details: The name of the job is not enough to understand what you did. List below the title line, and also describe what other job you did at all and do it in short points.
- Skills: Below the job description, add one or two main skills you had in the job. For example: If you were a sales person and thanks to you the percentage of sales in the company increased, it is worth noting an "increase of 30% in the first year".
- Job suitability: Because each job includes multiple tasks and skills - you need to match the details of the tasks you have done to the job you are approaching.
What should you include in detail about the job?
- Numbers / Goals that can be quantified (from the language of quantity) that you were able to achieve
- Management of x people
- Promotions you won during the period
- Managing budgets of x money
- Partnership in key processes / strategies
- Responsibility for important relationships
- Big brands or companies you worked with
- Advanced work environments / technological knowledge you have accumulated or key systems you have worked with
Create more than one resume file
In most cases, candidates send the same resume document to all kinds of different jobs and positions. This is a big mistake. Each job has its own uniqueness in terms of job requirements, and these should be noted when submitting a resume.
Conclusion: A good resume is CV suitable for the job, And if you sent them without matching them to the job - as if you did not send.
- Carefully read the job description and make sure to use the same words that appear in the ad to describe your experience.
- Combine the job fit at the beginning of the resume file in the abstract category.
- Each file should detail more about the positions relevant to the position for which it is intended, as they are the ones that prove that you have the appropriate experience for the position.
- Since each position includes many areas, change the emphases according to the position.
How do we represent diverse employment experience?
If during the job search is interpreted on several areas in parallel, you can write the resume document in a slightly different style.
- It is advisable to build a different resume file for each search area. Indicate in each file the experience and positions that show that you are the most suitable candidates for the job.
- If the appropriate experience is not listed in the document as the last attempt, it is recommended to act in one of the ways:
- Write the irrelevant roles in one line and do not list their ripples so that the relevant roles are highlighted and highlighted in the eyes of the recruiter.
- Separate the work experience into 'relevant experience' and 'additional experience'. In this way, you will be able to highlight the relevant and important information for the job offered:
- In the title, write instead 'employment seniority' - 'relevant seniority' and detail the relevant experience for the position, not mandatory in the order of the events.
- Under the heading "Additional experience" expand on the experience that is less appropriate and speaks to the role in chronological order.
- When there is diverse employment experience, it is advisable to add a "summary" and a cover letter to the file that will emphasize the experience relevant to the position we are approaching.
The greater and more diverse your seniority and the more degrees and higher education you have and the more senior management you are, the more likely you are to hear the same words over and over again: "Thank you, but that's not what we're looking for" You are Over Qualified! ". And you will be surprised to hear that this also happens in interviews at high-tech companies.
If you apply for jobs for which you have too much experience, the recruiter may get the impression that you are overly talented. so what are we doing? Adjust your resume to fit the job, and rephrase the roles you have held in the past.
If you are applying for an intermediate position, adapt your resume document to the job requirement. Think the names of the roles you have held in the past can be daunting? Use a different wording. There are full of ways to present and detail about a particular role. Write the appropriate words, present what is relevant from a slightly different angle. Be reliable and honest, but also do not expand too much and do not use words that are too inflated and exploded. Sometimes it is worthwhile to change just one word here and there and already the resume document gets a different and different garnet.
Occupational stability is one of the first criteria examined by the recruiter. Switching between many positions in a short time, or "black holes" in the resume (periods of time when it is not clear what you did) may cause the recruiter to disqualify you.
What to do to show employment stability?
- Write the roles in years and not in exact months: Writing in years will help you choose only the relevant roles and will give a higher sense of stability.
- Another option is to write at the top of the page that you are currently looking for a long-term job.
- Try to fill in the “holes” in the employment experience: Check if you learned / supported a family business, or if the “holes” were created because you decided to take an extended maternity leave - just mention it in your resume.
- If you have worked for a while in temporary jobs that you are less proud of, you can write:
2018 - Today: Temporary works in the field of restaurants
2018 - Today: Execution of projects in several companies in the field of administration.
Education, military, skills and recommendations
Write in the title the name of the course / degree and the name of the institution of study, and then, state what knowledge or important skills you acquired during your studies.
In this section it is recommended to write down what you learned and where (ie framework type: academic? Professional? High school?).
Write in the title the name of the course / degree and the name of the institution of study, and then, list what knowledge or important skills you acquired during your studies.
- The study / degree section, like the field of work, is written in reverse chronological order: from the last studies and what precedes them in descending order.
- Write the years and specify the name of the degree / certificate / institution of study.
- Some people write a final average (especially in real fields), but let's say your grade point average is low - it's best not to mention it in your resume. On the other hand, if you graduated with honors, it is highly recommended to indicate this. It shows abilities and skills.
- If you studied for a degree, but did not complete the degree and therefore did not receive any certificate, write "Degree studies… .." and indicate the name of the university / college.
- Courses and workshops are always written under academic degrees and should only be enrolled if they are related to the job sought. The courses can be private / institutional-public, for example a sales course as part of a job at Cellcom.
- If you have attended quite a few courses or it is important to list them (for example, with programmers), create a chapter of "Studies and Workshops" or "Programming Languages" depending on the field, then list the names of the courses you learned, your mastery of programming languages and more.
- If you do not have an academic degree, write your matriculation, the name of the high school and the name of the main major.
- If there is no full / partial matriculation. Write 12 years of schooling.
- You do not have to indicate achievements / grades from high school if you hold an academic degree.
How should military service be described?
- For some recruiters / employers, military service is an important and not insignificant part, so it is advisable to mention it in your resume and specify in which corps and position you served in the army. Only specify what the job rule is if it is relevant to the job you are looking for.
- Please note, if you have served in the regular army or in the army - it is worth noting this detail. If you did not serve in the army but served in national service - this chapter will deal with national service. If you have not served in national service or in the army - you can give up and do not have to state this in the report.
- If this is your first experience in the job market, service in the IDF can help the recruiter understand what value and abilities you bring to the job market. In such cases do not hesitate to highlight it in a more prominent place on the page.
Skills and languages
- This part may vary depending on the candidate's area of expertise, but there are usually all kinds of languages, applications or work environments in which the candidate is proficient. If you work in software and computing, please note that this section will be detailed and full of information. If you are not a candidate for such a position, it is recommended that you indicate control of your computer / office applications.
- List other languages you speak besides your mother tongue, from a good level to a mother tongue. Languages that you know partially, you should only indicate if they relate to the job offered.
- Explain in another section your control over computer applications: nowadays, most positions require knowledge of the Internet, knowledge of office applications and computers. The software you are familiar with must be clearly stated, otherwise the recruiter will not be aware that you are in control of it.
If you have recommendations, this must be stated at the end of the certificate document - "Recommendations will be provided upon request". The resume recommendations are usually not attached unless the recruiter specifically requests it.
Adaptation to ATS - Applicant Tracking System
Today, most companies have an automated resume filtering system, which means your first step is to get through this system.
Today, most companies have an automated resume filtering system, which means that your first step is to get through this system so that your resume gets to the recruiting desk. How do you do that? Make sure to indicate the titles and keywords of the job and its requirements. Describe your most recent job and use the keywords relevant to the job. Another aspect is the living area, sometimes the filtering is also done by area, so if the job is not in your area and you are still interested in sending a resume for the job, it is recommended not to specify an area so as not to be disqualified by the automated system.
Excessive creativity should be avoided - That is, diagrams, statistics, illustrations, "pop-up" highlights and locked titles. All of these can burden the automatic filtering systems and lead to an undesirable result in which relevant information about us will not be "read" by the system.
Keywords - Use common words for the field. When responding to a job ad, you should use a description of the job requirements. There you can find the right keywords, and describe your seniority in the field of employment so that it includes keywords that are relevant to the job. Beware of creating a “grocery list”. Keywords should appear in relevant contexts. You should also be wary of abbreviations for different and varied terms and write them down in full. Regarding the definition of a position, it is worthwhile to include the usual abbreviation (attorney / doctor, etc.) but also the full interpretation (respectively, lawyer / doctor).
A preliminary letter
Take advantage of the letter to impress the recruiter and use it to highlight your suitability for the job offered
Sometimes a resume document is accompanied by a cover letter (meaning that the text is preceded by your resume). In the introductory letter, this is the place where you should expand on yourself in the first person, evoke sympathy and even sympathy in the reader for the letter as well as the feeling that he has found the candidate he was looking for. In the introductory letter, it is possible to write a message again that in the resume document lies between a lot of details, and to bring it up.
In Israel, it is less common to write preliminary letters, but this is certainly a good reason to take this opportunity and stand out.
The cover letter allows you to differentiate yourself from the other candidates. Take advantage of the letter to impress the recruiter and use it to highlight your suitability for the job offered.
It is important to remember that not all recruiters read the cover letter, so do not write important things in it that do not appear in the resume.
It is recommended that you write the letter in the first person, in order to give a touch to your personality, your enthusiasm and what you can bring to the job.
The letter should be personal to the specific recruiter, so it is not advisable to write a general wording and duplicate it for all jobs.
The introductory letter should be written in the body of the email or at the time of sending it in the space provided on the website and not in a separate word file.
Examples of resumes
Resume for the discharged soldier
Freshly discharged from the IDF? Now it's starting! The period of your real life. So you think about your future and rightly so. The first step - writing a resume. What you have done so far comes down to studies, military / national service, and some temporary work and therefore, you feel that you have nothing to write in a certificate.
It's OK! Nor does anyone expect you to have as diverse and productive work experience as an adult. Since military service is the main experience you have gained - indicate in the resume skills you have acquired in the army related to the position you are interested in.
If you have performed a job that is not related to the job that your mind desired or was not to your satisfaction, state the work skills that the military job required of you such as: a good sense of service and human relations, work under pressure and more.
Curriculum vitae for a student
As students, or academics who have just graduated, you need to write a resume that will show what unique skills and attributes you can bring to the position. You probably have a lot of education and little experience, so you should place the sections in the document in a way that will promote you. For example, putting the issue of learning and career up, instead of the occupational aspect, along with accomplishments and goals during the study period.
If you are still a student or you have already completed the study period, but you have no work experience, you must write the chapter on learning and education at the top of the CV page and immediately afterwards the chapter on military service. It is definitely worthwhile to expand on the academic study paragraph and emphasize every detail that can impress the recruiter. For example: average exam scores and assignments you submitted during your degree, courses and workshops in which you took part and participated and are relevant to the industry of course, seminars or large projects to which you devoted time, knowledge and effort and more. If you have served in the army in a position that may be relevant to the job you are trying to get - describe it in detail, because even military experience in many cases can be enough for the recruiter / company owner.
Here are other highlights that students should pay attention to in your resume document:
- Write the name of the institution: The name of the institution where you study has a great influence. If it is an institution with a reputation it will help you and promote you.
- Did you get high marks? Emphasize this: If the institution where you studied is not so considered, other parameters may work for you, for example, a high grade point average. Employers like to hire outstanding employees.
- Mention specializations, professional software and dissertations: It is worth emphasizing in your resume document your knowledge of computers and / or professional software that you master, a final project that provides experience related to the field indirectly and the like.
Resume for youth
You were about to write a resume and then found out you have a half-empty page? That’s fine, in the vast majority of cases teens don’t need a resume file at all and they are hired based on personal acquaintance or interview.
The education section should be emphasized and successful results in studies and / or in society that have been of great significance to you at school should be noted. Indicate in which professions you have expanded and invested and write the average matriculation average (if high), special achievements from high school and more. You can also write about occupations / volunteering (MDA for example) and other areas of interest such as external social frameworks. And say, youth movements (scouts, working and learning youth) of course write down if you were an instructor / trainee, classes (sports / creation) and the like. Because you are at the beginning of your path in the world of employment, your resume will be used primarily to get an impression of your interests and your degree of seriousness.
High-tech resume / programming
A good and impressive resume enhances your chances of being invited for a job interview and sets you apart from other candidates, especially in high-tech jobs, with professional terms, unique job definitions, applications that are important to include in the file, and all kinds of variations that characterize the field. When writing a resume that addresses the high-tech field, it is very important to write about your professional / practical aspect as well, and not just focus on the development languages and technologies that you are familiar with.
Resume in the field of teaching / instruction
When writing and styling a resume in the field of education and teaching it is advisable to write the education you have acquired. If, of course, you have previous experience in the position for which you are offering your candidacy, state it and specify what exactly the position included. Of course you should also mention an internship or a particular internship if you did.
In addition, it is worth concentrating on additional positions that you have performed at the same time, such as in the following example: a first-grade educator and, in addition, a social stratum coordinator. Or for example, a math teacher in grades XNUMX-XNUMX and a daycare operator in grades XNUMX-XNUMX within the school and there are many more examples.
All of these add to the resume and experience and generally show your abilities in the field and your executive-organizational abilities at the same time that it is also actually managerial abilities.
In addition, especially in this field it is worthwhile to list prominent personal traits that it is about working with children and in general in the social aspect. Traits like, patience and forbearance, access to children and empathy, diligence and determination can definitely help in choosing you as relevant candidates.
Resume for seniors in the job market
Seniority in the labor market is probably the most important detail in a resume document, so if you have gained a lot of varied work experience, you should write this section at the beginning of your resume. In this section it is very worthwhile to highlight areas of responsibility that you have had and significant achievements and state this in a focused and clear manner. It is not advisable to list small roles that you performed long ago or that are not related to the job offered.
The next part that will appear in the resume is the part of education. If you have any academic or professional education, write it down, and write briefly about professional courses / workshops you have studied or about the degrees you have received over the years. Regarding high school studies - there is no need to mention them if you have a higher education.
Finally, it is advisable to add a paragraph on military service, and if related to the job offered then highlight the context / affiliation.